On Friday, September 12th, Google DC held a talk on cloud computing in its New York Avenue location in downtown Washington, DC. Specifically, the event discussed a new study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project on “Use of Cloud Computing Applications and Services”.
Moderated by John B. Horrigan, director of the Pew Internet and American Life Project, the talk included
- Dan Burton, Senior Vice President, Global Public Policy, Salesforce.com
- Mike Nelson, Visiting Professor, The Center for Communication, Culture, and Technology, Georgetown University
- Ari Schwartz, Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, Center for Democracy and Technology
Cloud computing is basically the offloading of data from individual computers loosely linked to the internet, to a network of computers specifically maintained and interfaced so that people can access that data from any electronic device anywhere in the world.
From a Wikipedia footnote: “According to the IEEE Computer Society it “is a paradigm in which information is permanently stored in servers on the Internet and cached temporarily on clients that include desktops, entertainment centers, table computers, notebooks, wall computers, handhelds, etc.”" (reference)
Most people have interacted with the cloud by way of Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo! mail, Google Docs, and other similar web-based applications.
It is clear that there are still norms that need to be formed regarding the cloud in terms of societal, regulatory, and corporate. Said Schwartz, “Consumers expect their information will be treated the same on the cloud as it is if it were stored at home on their own computers.” This is what they may expect, but so far this status is not legally protected, and the cloud is not yet mature enough to ensure it.
Forty-nine percent of U.S. residents who use cloud computing services would be very concerned if the cloud vendors shared their files with law enforcement agencies. As one of the panelists pointed out, this is strange since we have restrictions in place to prevent law enforcement from freely snooping on personal computers. Is there a difference in who can view your data if it’s stored on your computer or stored in your private cloud?
Some interesting statements made during the talk:
- Mike Nelson, professor of the “What’s Shaping the Internet” class I’m taking this semester, said that the state of the cloud is roughly at the same point as the state of the web was in 1993. This means that there’s a lot of innovation and new applications on our way, and we’ve hardly scratched the surface!
- Dan Burton at Salesforce.com gave an interesting perspective, coming from what his clients are asking for. His corporate clients strongly desire moving to the cloud as it brings down their costs, makes their IT management easier, and lets them concentrate on their core businesses. This was in response to a question about whether companies will want to move their sensitive data to the cloud. Clearly there’s some data companies will keep in-house but Burton emphasized that most data is already being moved online.
- Burton also mentioned a concern for potential future international trade barriers for dataflow if legislators don’t promote openness; while it sounds less likely now based on recent FCC decisions, the concern that countries will shut off dataflows as part of other policy actions is well-founded.
A final note. In imagining how to visualize the cloud, I scribbled a picture of a private node surrounded by a private cloud that is linked to that node. The node and cloud combined may interface with other peoples’ private clouds, but retain their atomic personal centers. In this way it starts to look molecular in a way — distinct nuclei surrounded by electron clouds that share and interface with others. Can you think of a clearer way to imagine this?